Arthrosis, another name for osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease that progressively destroys the cartilages that are part of the joints. Thus, the bones in this region begin to rub against each other during the realization of any movement. It appears with high frequency, making it one of the most common rheumatic pathologies.
The individual suffers localized pain, inflammation and deformation of the parts affected by osteoarthritis. The parts that are affected the most are the hands, knees, hip and spine. Treatments include the use of drugs, a series of preventive guidelines and surgical intervention in the most serious of cases.
We can differentiate between two types of osteoarthritis: primary (without a known or specific cause) and secondary (related to some pathologies or medical conditions). The following measures serve to alleviate the symptoms if the patient has already developed osteoarthritis. The most common risk factors are:
Overweight or Obesity
The increase of body mass that befalls the joints slowly wears away cartilages. Therefore, a guideline to follow would be to maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and the performance of physical exercise. These recommendations prevent a large number of diseases and improve our quality of life.
Maintain a Proper Postural Hygiene
Poor posture when sitting or walking is not recommended. Forcing our back to repeat certain movements can alter the functioning of the joints involved. For example, when practicing sports or during work. Also, it’s important to avoid or reduce postures that include a backward tilt of the spine.
Injuries or Traumatisms
They can occur due to a variety of causes and can be produced after a surgical intervention. It can also be caused by excessive repetition of certain postures or movements. Good advice to follow would be the use of protection during risky sports.
It is a disease in which the pancreas does not function properly. This organ secretes insulin to the blood, which helps in the metabolism of glucose. However, if the patient is overweight or obese, he or she has a higher probability to develop OA.
Sedentarism or Reduced Physical Activity
With physical exercises, we strengthen the different structures of our body, improving our physical condition.
The hereditary component is very important in OA. For this reason, it is imperative order a complete medical history (making sure it includes rheumatic diseases, especially cases of osteoarthritis) and personal history of injuries, such as fractures, joint pain, etc. The objective is to establish an early diagnosis to treat the pathology as soon as possible. This can offset the evolution of the disease and minimize the deterioration of the cartilage. Commencing treatment to battle the symptoms is extremely crucial to improve the quality of life of the patient. Therefore, in the presence of the first symptoms, it is recommended to go to the doctor and avoid self-medication with anti-inflammatory ointments or oral corticosteroids.