Musculoskeletal pain is a well-known consequence of repetitive strain, excessive use, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
MSDs are injuries that affect body movements and the musculoskeletal system.
Pain can be local or extended over a wide area; it can go from moderate to severe and from short-term to long-term or chronic.
What Causes Musculoskeletal Pain?
- Injuries (disorders) are a common cause of musculoskeletal pain.
- Any damage or injury that compromises mobility can cause pain.
- Car accidents, a fall, sprains, overuse, fractures, abrupt movements, dislocations or contusions.
- Disorders that cause pain in the joints, bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bursa (a small sac filled with fluid located at points of friction that provides a cushion between bones and tendons and muscles around a joint) or a combination of these.
- Joint pain (arthralgia)
Is very common on body parts like : shoulder, knee, and ankle
Pain can also be caused by joint inflammation (arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout) or infection. And even rare and extreme cases like cancer of the joint too.
- Bone pain
Most common cause of bone pain are fractures.
There are other not so common causes, such as bone infection (osteomyelitis), tumors and hormonal disorders that can cause intense, deep and penetrating pain.
- Muscle pain (Myalgia)
Muscle pain is the most common, not as extreme as bone pain, but everyone has experienced a muscle ache at some point in their lives. These are characterized by sustained painful muscle contractions (spasms or cramps).
Muscle pain can also be a consequence of an injury, loss of blood flow, infection, or a tumor.
- Tendons and ligament pain (Fibromyalgia)
Common ones are sprains, tendonitis, and epicondylitis.
Pain becomes worse when the affected area is stretched or moved.
- Bursitis (inflammation of the bursa)
Common areas affected are: shoulder, elbow, and hip
Injury can occur due to repetitive, sudden quick movements or overuse.
Recommended treatments for Musculoskeletal Pain
- Anti-inflammatory medications /Injections with anesthetic
- Pain relievers, analgesics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Exercise such as strength training and stretching.
- Physical or occupational therapy.
- Progressive muscle relaxation
- Acupuncture or acupressure.
Cold or heat applied to the joint can also help relieve musculoskeletal pain but only depending on the cause.
The best course of action is to visit your doctor for a proper evaluation, testing, and treatment.